International Instructor and Facilitation Training

Faculty Details

Core faculty

Marcus Rall, InPASS, Germany

Marcus RallMedical School: Germany (Tübingen, Cologne, Würzburg), Harvard (Boston) and Ann Arbor (Michigan).

Working as fire-fighter and paramedic before, during and after medical school.

1995–2012: physician and MD, Dept. of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Tubingen, University of Tubingen Medical School, pre-hospital emergency physician. Marcus Rall was founder and director of the TüPASS – Center for Patient Safety and Simulation from 1998 to 2012.

2012–now: InPASS, Founder & CEO Institute for Patient Safety & Simulation Team Training

He translated Gaba’s Crisis Management book (CRM) to German in 1997.

He co-authored two chapters with David Gaba in Miller’s Anesthesia Textbook (the international anesthesia reference book) about Patient Simulators and Human Performance & Patient Safety (including CRM). Marcus Rall wrote several chapters in the book Clinical Simulation as well as several overviews, reviews, book chapters and many other journal articles. 

He is an associate editor of the international journal “Simulation in Healthcare” and reviewer for several other journals.

He was Co-Chair of the IMSH conference of SiH in 2008 in San Diego. 

He was featured in several public newspapers and television reports as specialist for Patient Safety and Simulation Team Training. 

Since 2002 he is organizing the biggest German simulation conference InSiM.

In 2015 he founded the German Society for Simulation in Healthcare DGSiM. He is Chairman of the society since foundation. 

He and his team educated more than 3,000 CRM-based simulation training instructors internationally.

Marcus Rall has given hundreds of invited lectures and courses on patient safety, human factors, crisis resource management (CRM), incident reporting and related issues internationally. This includes many lectures at international meetings (Euroanesthesia) and running live simulation sessions with audience response systems with hundreds of participants.

He is initiator, founder and for many years course director of the European Patient Safety Course (EPSC) of the ESA. He was chair of the scientific subcommittee “Patient Safety” of the European Society of Anesthesia (ESA).

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Christian Karcher, Melbourne, Australia

Christian Karcher1997–2001: Medical School (University of Ulm, Germany and University of Bern, Switzerland)

2001–2007: Specialist Training in Anaesthesia (University Hospital Tuebingen, Germany)

2001–2007: Staff Member/Instructor Tuebingen Patient Safety and Simulation Centre (TuPASS)

2007–2010: Intensive Care Specialist Training, The Royal Melbourne Hospital


  • Fellow of the College of Intensive Care Medicine of Australia and New Zealand FCICM)
  • Harvard Macy Graduate
  • Harvard Center for Medical Simulation Instructor Course

2011–now Intensive Care Consultant The Royal Melbourne Hospital and John Fawkner Private Hospital

2011–now Clinical Sub-Dean Simulation The University of Melbourne

2012–now: ALS2 Instructor

2013: Harvard Simulation Advanced Debriefing Course

2017–now Medical Lead (ICU) CALS-ANZ

2019: Graduate Diploma of Clinical Education, The University of Melbourne

2020: Master of Clinical Education, The University of Melbourne (enrolled)

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Jennifer Keast, Melbourne, Australia

Jennifer KeastDr Jennifer Keast has a perioperative nursing background and has been involved in simulation since its inception in Australia in the late 1990s.

Jen has worked extensively in the field in both Australia and the Asia-Pacific region across all facets of simulation related activities – simulation centre design and development, curriculum design and evaluation, post-graduate course development and instructor training.

She has worked for the last 10 years in the field of medical education with a special interest in simulation instructional design and pedagogy.

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Michaela Kolbe, Zurich, Switzerland

Michaela KolbeMichaela Kolbe is the director of the Simulation Center of the University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland. She has been studying team processes in acute settings in healthcare for many years. Her particular research interest includes debriefing and the social dynamics of “speaking up” across the authority gradient and across disciplines in healthcare.

Michaela Kolbe’s Ph.D. is in psychology and she is a member of the faculty at ETH Zurich. She publishes widely in psychological, healthcare, and simulation journals and books and is a member of the Editorial Board of BMJ STEL and GIO and Associate Editor of Advances in Simulation. 

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Special faculty

David Gaba, Stanford, USA

David GabaDavid M. Gaba, MD is the Associate Dean for Immersive and Simulation-based Learning and Director of the Center for Immersive and Simulation based Learning (CISL) at Stanford University School of Medicine. He is Professor (with tenure) of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine.

For over 34 years, Dr. Gaba and his laboratory have worked extensively on human performance and patient safety issues and in applying organizational safety theory to healthcare. Dr. Gaba is known as the inventor of the modern full-body, patient simulator and is an expert in mannequin-based simulation.

He is the innovator for adapting Crew Resource Management training from aviation to healthcare, first for anesthesia and then for many other healthcare domains and pioneered the development of cognitive aids including Emergency Manuals in healthcare.

An author of a wide diversity of peer-reviewed journals including more than 130 original articles, commentaries and editorials, as well as 25 book chapters, Dr. Gaba is also the lead author of the innovative book, Crisis Management in Anesthesiology, now in its 2nd edition. After playing an integral role in the editorial boards of several academic and medical journals, Dr. Gaba was the founding Editor-in-Chief of the first indexed, peer-reviewed journal on simulation, Simulation in Healthcare, published by the Society for Simulation in Healthcare (SSH) serving as EIC for 12 years. He was also the Secretary of the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation for 17 years.

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Jan Baus, MD, Berlin, Germany

Jan BausSenior Consultant in Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Head of Simulation Medicine, Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin

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Ralf Krage, Neuburg, Germany

Ralf KrageRalf Krage is an anesthesiologist, intensive care specialist and emergency physician. He is currently head of the department of anesthesia, intensive care and emergency medicine in Neuburg, Germany.

Since 2000 he is a simulation educator and CRM instructor. He is passionate about simulation and has a special interest in Human Factor issues and multidisciplinary teamwork.
He has a record of numerous publications, invited lectures and workshops on international conferences on Human Factors, patient safety, simulation-based learning and airway management.

1985–1995 Paramedic in Hannover/Germany

1987–1995 Medical school (MHH, Germany; Harvard/Tufts, Boston/USA)

1995–2002 Anesthesia residency (Hannover, Düsseldorf, Germany)

2002–2006 Consultant in Anesthesiology and Intensive Care (Düsseldorf, Germany)

2002–2006 Director of the Simulation Center DANIS (Düsseldorf, Germany)

2007–2019 Senior consultant of Anesthesiology, Residency Program Director, Emergency Physician and Member HEMS Team (Helicopter Emergency Medical Service) and Director of the ADAM Simulation Center, VU University Medical Center (Amsterdam/the Netherlands)
since 2007 Faculty and Course Director for Simulation Instructor courses (EuSim, InFacT)

2011–2017 Board member SESAM (Society for Simulation in Europe)

2013–2015 President of SESAM

2013 Co-Chair IMSH (International Meeting of the Society of Simulation in Healthcare) in Orlando/USA

2011–2016 Vice-President of DSSH (Dutch Society of Simulation in Healthcare)

2015–2018 Board member GNSH (Global Network for Simulation in Healthcare)

since 2015 International Advisory Board member of Advances in Simulation

since 2017 Member EDAIC Simulation Committee

2018 Diploma in Medical Education, VU University (Amsterdam/the Netherlands)

since 2019 Head of the Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Emergengy Medicine, Neuburg, Germany

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Gerson Conrad, Thusis, Switzerland

Gerson Conrad1993: Scholar/fellowship Infectiology of Walter-Marget-Foundation, Harvard-Medical-School, Boston.

1995–96: Head of advanced training and medical education Institut for emergency medicine. Instructor of all four letter courses (ACLS, PALS, EPALS, NLS, ATLS, PHTLS …)

Since 1995: CRM-instructor for in situ simulation team training

Since 1995: Emergency physician Air Zermatt switzerland, high mountain rescue

1996–99: Instructor for  medical team training, audiovideo based simulationtraining, university clinic Basel switzerland, HEAD Prof. Scheidegger. European Diploma for Anesthesiology

1998–2000: Medical director for international Adventure Tours, UTAH, USA, Himalaya, India
Instructor for Medical support and medical training  for outdoor projects

2002–15: Deputy medical director german air rescue, Head of advanced training and medical education. Consulting Doctor International SOS: emergency inflight calls Lufthansa and other airlines.

2003: Qualification senior emergency physician

2004: Diploma of mountain emergency medicine

2015–2017: Senior physican department of anesthesiology and intensive care medicine, Spital Männedorf Switzerland

Since 2018: Head of department of anesthesiology Spital Thusis/Savognin and medical director of rescue services Mittelbünden, Switzerland

Since 2017: Deputy medical director of World Economic Forum Davos

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Thomas Kieber, Kirchheim, Germany

Thomas KieberDr. Thomas Kieber has been involved in education for paramedics and medical students since 1996. After completing the CRM-Instructor Course in 2008 at Tuebingen Patient Safety and Simulation Centre he is an enthusiast for in house simulation team training. Since 2012 his special interest is focussed on obstetric team trainings. He has been part of faculty in several Infact courses and contributed a book chapter about training in obstetric anaesthesia. In 2014 he has set up an inhouse training program for the academic teaching hospital medius Kliniken including the departments of Anaesthesia, ICU, Emergency Medicine, Obstetrics and Endoscopy together with InPASS.

1994 – 2001: Medical School (Universities of Tübingen and Heidelberg, Germany and University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)

2002 – 2007: Specialist Training in Anaesthesia (Klinikum Stuttgart, Katharinenhospital, Germany)

Since 2004 Emergency Physician

2007 – 2009 Specialist Anaesthetist in Paediatric Anaesthesia and PICU (Klinikum Stuttgart, Olgahospital, Germany)

Since 2008 Flight Physician for Repatriation Services for Deutsche Rettungsflugwacht (DRF)

2009 Co-Founder of the Paediatric Simulation Centre (STUPS) Olgahospital Stuttgart, Germany

2010 Consultant Anaesthetist at Southland Hospital, Invercargill, New Zealand

2011 Specialist Anaesthetist and Staff Member at Tuebingen Patient Safety and Simulation Centre (TuPASS)

Since 2012 Consultant Anaesthetist at medius Klinik Nürtingen, Germany

Since 2013 Intensive Care Specialist

Since 2018 Senior Consultant Anaesthetist at medius Klinik Nürtingen, Germany

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Dr. med. Stefan Gisin, Basel, Switzerland

Dr. Stefan Gisin is staff anesthesiologist at the University Hospital in Basel/Switzerland. Deployed in various specialties of clinical anesthesia (including thoracic, neuro, obstetrical and cardiac anesthesia), he has a special interest in pre-hospital emergency medicine, is flying doctor for the Swiss Helicopter Rescue Service (Rega) and passionate ATLS Course Director.

Stefan is head of the Swiss Center for Medical Simulation in Basel and implemented a multitude course concepts for pre- and postgraduate simulation-based education, focusing on interdisciplinary and multiprofessional team training for more than 20 years. In collaboration with the Swiss Department for Development and Collaboration (DEZA) he is a consultant in several healthcare education projects in Eastern European countries.

Stefan serves as faculty for several international simulation instructor courses (EuSim, PAEDSIM, InFact) and is head of the Sim Center Accreditation Group of SESAM (Society in Europe for Simulation applied to Medicine).

The most characteristic trait overall: he is passionate about teaching, enjoys collaboration with international colleagues and feels privileged to be part of this fantastic initiative by InPASS.

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Prim. Dr. Michael Hüpfl

Prim. Dr. Michael Hüpfl Motto: “Either you are part of the solution or part of the problem – the status quo is not an option.”

1983–1995 Paramedic

1985–1992 Nurse in the ICU care

1983–1991 Medical School University Vienna (Austria)

1992–1995 Specialist training to become a general practitioner

1995–2014 Emergency doctor

1996–2001 Rotation in Intensive Care Medicine, General Surgery, Urology, Ophthalmology, ENT, Gynecology in Vienna

1997–2014 Head Doctor Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe Vienna

2001–today Initiation and development of medical simulation Medical University Vienna

2001–today Specialist Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Pain Therapy

2005 setup of standardised simulation programs for medical students and trainees in Anesthesia, Intensive Care, Internal medicine, Radiology

2005–today inhouse simulation in different hospitals and departments

2005–today Simulation instructor training local, national and international

2005–today setup of different course formats and systems for Austria and international (EPALS, NLS and ETC)

2006–today Head Doctor “Medcoach”, Vienna (Austria)

2009–2018 Senior physician and deputy head of department, University Clinic for Anesthesia, General Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, Vienna (Austria)

2018–today Head of Department Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine Landesklinikum Neunkirchen (Austria)

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Kirsty Freeman, FSSH, PhD(c), MHPE

Kirsty FreemanKirsty Freeman is the lead of the Clinical Performance Centre, at Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore. A Fellow of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare, Kirsty has nearly 20 years’ experience in simulation based education, assessment and research. Kirsty has worked across a variety of healthcare disciplines including medicine, nursing, allied health and paramedicine, and has extensive experience in providing simulation-based experiences to undergraduate healthcare students, through to experienced healthcare providers. With a Master’s degree in Health Professions Education, Kirsty is currently undertaking a PhD exploring the impact of impostor phenomenon on healthcare simulation educators. Growing up in remote Western Australia, Kirsty has a passion for building sustainable education programs for clinicians working in rural and remote environments. Her passion is the use of behavioral skills training in advancing patient and clinician safety.

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Patrik Nyström

Patrik NyströmExperienced faculty with a long history of training simulation instructors, both nationally and internationally. Broad understanding of curriculum integration and centre development as a former simulation centre director at a Finnish UAS. Pioneer in implementing simulation based education into new areas within the health-care domain, e.g. simulation based ethics course. Deep understanding of human factors and the creation of safety through simulation.

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